Two bites at the apple

Most collective bargaining agreements (CBAs) have clauses that obligate both labor and management to act in a nondiscriminatory manner. If union employees believe that they have been discriminated against, the courts generally require them to file a grievance before a lawsuit. The legal term for that is the "exhaustion of contractual remedies." Courts require it so that employees don't circumvent the grievance and arbitration procedures in their CBAs. That approach only makes sense. Read More...